Steroids: What is Their Impact on the Human Body?

Steroids: What is Their Impact on the Human Body?

Steroids are a class of compounds that are commonly used in medicine to treat various conditions. However, they are also widely known for their use in sports and bodybuilding to enhance performance and muscle growth. But what exactly are steroids and how do they affect the human body?

Types of Steroids

There are two main types of steroids – corticosteroids and anabolic steroids. Corticosteroids are synthetic drugs that mimic cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands. They are primarily used to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system. On the other hand, anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of testosterone, the male sex hormone. They are used to promote muscle growth and enhance athletic performance.

Effects of Anabolic Steroids

Anabolic steroids have both anabolic (muscle-building) and androgenic (masculinizing) effects on the body. When taken in high doses, they can lead to increased muscle mass, strength, and endurance. However, they also come with a host of negative side effects, including liver damage, cardiovascular problems, hormonal imbalances, and psychological issues such as aggression and mood swings.


While steroids may offer short-term benefits in terms of physical appearance and performance, the long-term consequences can be severe. It is important to weigh the risks and benefits before considering the use of steroids, and always consult with a healthcare professional before starting any steroid regimen.